Is A Ph.D. in Neuroscience Worth It For International Students?

Are you a passionate international student looking to pursue a Ph.D. in neuroscience? Beginning doctoral studies is an important step and you have to make many sacrifices. This journey is not only about pursuing knowledge but also about personal growth and development.

So, you’re standing at the crossroads, pondering whether a Ph.D. in neuroscience is your brain’s true calling or just another academic detour. Ah, the classic dilemma – worth it or not? Let’s unravel this neuron-tickling question.

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Getting a PhD in Neuroscience can be a very daunting task for some people because this journey is very competitive, lengthy, and expensive. You have to dispose of your nerves to constant pressure and stress. You need constant support and determination throughout your career. So a lot of international students inquire about “Is a Ph.D. in neuroscience worth it?”  In this article, we will cover the pros, cons, career paths, and job opportunities related to a Ph.D. in neuroscience which will help you decide whether it is worth it or not.

Things to consider while choosing a Ph.D. in Neuroscience

Neuroscience is a highly competitive and specialized field that requires extensive research. The road to this journey is hard if you don’t have passion and a clear purpose. Think about whether you like working in labs or helping patients directly. Always keep the expenses in mind. Also, think about whether you would like to teach at a university or work in a company. These things will help you make good choices.

While choosing a Ph.D. in neuroscience, you should analyze the following important aspects:

  1. Self-evaluation 

Ask yourself some questions like why you want to get into this field and what motivates you for this. As it requires an extraordinary amount of effort and hard work, self-evaluation is important.

  1. Area of Interest

Select the area of your interest because it’s going to be a 3-5 years-long journey. Choose the specialization program with faculty members who are experts in their field so that you can have the best mentor.

  1. Expenses and location

Check out tuition fees, admission fees, and other expenses. Carefully choose the best university with a feasible location 

  1. Connection building

Start building connections with people from this field who can help you throughout your studies. Talk to current graduates about ongoing research projects and culture

  1. Recommendation letters

You need at least three recommendation letters to get admission in neurosciences at a reputable university

  1. English proficiency certificate

Universities also demand to provide evidence of English language ability in the form of IELTS, CAE, or TOEFL and CPE scores. However, score requirements vary among different universities.

So, before taking a step, research thoroughly about different universities, programs offered, research projects, and mentors. 

To get a more detailed guide, read more about Navigating a PhD in Neuroscience.

Key Facts Of Ph.D. in Neuroscience

Getting a Ph.D. in neuroscience can be a great adventure! You’ll learn about how our brains work. It takes about 4 to 6 years and involves lots of hands-on lab work and research. You’ll work with experienced teachers who will help you along the way. This journey opens doors to jobs in teaching, research, and even cool industries like medicine and technology.

If you are an international student looking to pursue a career in neuroscience, then some of the questions will be pooping in your mind regarding the cost of a Ph.D., duration, and skills required. Here we will address all of them. 

Duration of Ph.D. in neuroscience

On average, a Ph.D. in neurosciences requires about 3 to 7 years of full-time study and research. However, this timeline depends on a variety of factors such as the type of program and research projects. Students may take some additional training courses to improve their skills. There are specialized training modules and laboratory rotations for students within Ph.D. programs.

The average cost of a Ph.D. in neuroscience?

For international students, it is important to consider the cost and expenses of a journey before getting admission. The average cost of a Ph.D. in neurosciences can vary depending on various factors. Some of the main are;

  • Type of program and school
  • Tuition fee
  • Accommodation expenses
  • Travel expenses

A Ph.D. program from any reputable school will cost around $10K to $60K annually. Some of the programs in neuroscience also have additional expenses such as laboratory resources, department administration, and computational costs. However, many universities offer scholarships or doctoral loan schemes to international students.

Required skills

Neuroscience is a very challenging field and it requires many skills as well. If you want to pursue a career in this discipline, you should have the following skills.

  • Aptitude for math and science
  • Ability to work independently
  • Interest in research
  • Writing skills
  • Presentation and communication skills
  • Time management skills
  • Data analysis and problem-solving
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So, it is essential for you to be aware of these skills as they will help you throughout your academic career. 

Visit the Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education to learn more about the skills required for a Ph.D. in neuroscience.

Pros of Ph.D. in Neuroscience

Normally, a question lingers in the minds of aspiring neuroscientists “Is a Ph.D. in neuroscience worth it?”There are a number of reasons why you should opt for a Ph.D. in neuroscience. You get to learn how the brain ticks, do cool research, and help make medical breakthroughs. It opens doors to a lot of jobs. So, it’s not just about studying,  it’s about exploring and making a real difference in how we understand the brain.

 Let us take a look at the benefits of PhD in neuroscience which will help you to decide whether it is worth it or not.

Advanced scientific knowledge

This program provides an in-depth understanding of the brain and nervous system. You will also learn about the latest research going on in this field.

Development of research skills

This degree will help you to develop excellent research skills such as data analysis, writing research papers, and collecting samples. You will be able to research independently.

“If you are passionate about the brain and its mysteries, a Ph.D. in neuroscience is the perfect way to pursue your interests. You will have the opportunity to learn from the best and brightest minds in the field, conduct groundbreaking research, and make a real difference in the world.” –

Christof Koch, German-American neuroscientist 

Networking opportunities

It offers a good opportunity for networking with other researchers and neuroscientists around the world. This networking will lead to exciting research projects and future job prospects.

Interdisciplinary collaborations

Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary field and it provides the opportunity to collaborate with researchers from other fields such as psychology, computer science, and biology. This will ultimately polish your research skills and you will get a broader perspective of neurosciences.

Career path in academia

With a Ph.D. in neuroscience, you can pursue your career in academia as a professor. However, the job market of academic neuroscientists is very competitive and you need a lot of hard work to publish research papers in top journals.

Critical thinking

This PhD program nurtures critical thinking and it will help you in analyzing and solving complex scientific problems.

Contribution to the development of science

It will provide you with the opportunity to contribute to the development of science. You will get a better understanding of the human brain which can help you improve the treatment of diseases. Even you can develop artificial intelligence by using your research and knowledge of neurosciences.

Take a look at the Journal of Neuroscience to learn more about what you can gain from a Ph.D. degree in neuroscience.

Cons of Ph.D. in Neuroscience

Hold on a second! Like any big decision, there are a few things to think about. Getting a Ph.D. takes a  longer time than getting an MD or MPhil. PhD is great for research and teaching. But, if you’re all about hands-on patient care, an MD might be a better fit. Finding jobs in academia after a Ph.D. can be a bit like a tricky puzzle. So, remember, while a PhD is super exciting, it’s good to weigh these things against options like an MD or MPhil. Here we will compare it with MPill and MD.

PhD in Neuroscience:

  • Time Investment: 

Getting a PhD takes a good chunk of time, usually around 4 to 6 years. That’s longer than an MD or MPhil.

  • Research Focus: 

With a Ph.D., you’re diving deep into research and academia. It might mean less direct patient care if you’re into that.

  • Uncertain Jobs:

 Finding academic jobs after a Ph.D. can be a bit like finding a rare treasure. It’s not always easy, and competition can be tough.

Ph.D. in Neuroscience vs. an MD

  • Extended Training: 

Going for an MD means more schooling, combining medical training with neuroscience studies. It takes longer to finish.

  • Patient-Centric:

An MD gears you more toward patient care and medical practice. Research might take a bit of a backseat.

  • Less Research: 

Unlike a PhD, the depth of neuroscience research might be a bit shallower with an MD. It’s more about practicing medicine.

  • Longer and more expensive:

 Ph.D. programs in neuroscience typically take 5-6 years to complete, while MD programs typically take 4 years. PhD programs are also more expensive than MD programs.

  • Less clinical training: 

Ph.D. programs in neuroscience do not provide as much clinical training as MD programs. This means that Ph.D. graduates may not be as prepared to work in clinical settings.

  • Fewer job opportunities: 

There are fewer job opportunities for PhDs in neuroscience than there are for MDs. This is because there are fewer research positions available, and PhD graduates may not be as competitive for clinical jobs as MD graduates.

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PhD in Neuroscience vs. an MPhil

  • Recognition Matters:

An MPhil might not be as recognized as a PhD. This can sometimes affect your job opportunities.

  • Research, Kinda:

Like a PhD, an MPhil leans on research. But it might not have the same depth and impact in academia.

  • Job Competition:

For academic positions, PhD holders might have a bit of an upper hand over MPhil holders.

  • Duration: 

Ph.D. programs in neuroscience typically take 5-6 years to complete, while MPhil programs typically take 2-3 years.

  • More expensive: 

They tend to be more expensive than MPhil programs.

  • More demanding:

Ph.D. programs are more demanding than MPhil programs. PhD students are expected to conduct research, teach, and publish papers.

Remember, each path has its pros and cons. You need to figure out which path suits your interests and goals the best. If you want to conduct cutting-edge research in neuroscience, a PhD is the best option. If you’re interested in a career in medicine, an MD may be a better choice. And if you want to gain advanced knowledge in neuroscience without committing to a Ph.D. program, an MPhil may be a good option.

Statistics of Ph.D. in Neuroscience program

According to a survey by the National Science Foundation in the US, over 1,100  Ph.D.s were awarded in neuroscience in 2022. The percentage of students completing their degree within six years is 36% to 57% while the average percentage is 53%.

In 2022, neuroscience funding by the National Institutes for Health (NIH) was around 11.3 billion US dollars. Hence, neuroscience is among the top-funded areas. 

The average salary of a neuroscientist is $110000 per year. However, it varies depending on the type of job and experience.

            Job Title        Average Salary          (2023)          Job Growth           (2023-2030)
1. Research Scientist              $122,214                17%
2. Medical Writers            $81,553                12%
3. Neurosurgeons            $386,627                  3%
4. Psychiatrist            $101,332                16%
5. Neuroscientist            $124,960                17%
6. Natural Science Manager            $113,656                  6%
7. Marketing and Advertising   Consultant             $80,870                20%
8. Dean            $95,910                  7%
9. Assistance Professor            $76,477                  4%
10. Technical Advisor            $86,737                5%
11. Data Scientist            $127,482                10%
12. Business Development Manager            $113,700                7%
Sources: PayScale, US Bureau of Labour Statistics

Career prospects and jobs After Ph.D. in Neuroscience

If you are a neuro-passionate student wondering about what to do after pursuing a Ph.D.  in neuroscience, here are some options that you can explore. 

Research scientist

Research scientists collect and analyze the data to get a better understanding of the research being conducted. They research independently and apply for grants and funds. They publish their work in academic journals.

 If you want to pursue this career, you should read the Reflections from the former Chief   Editors of Nature Neuroscience.

Medical writers

They work in an academic setting such as medical school or university. They create training material, academic papers, and manuals. They need to have excellent research skills.


Neurosurgeons can specialize in a number of areas including the spine, brain, or nervous system. They diagnose illness and make treatment plans for the patient’s recovery. PhD graduates after completing a residency can apply for this position.


Psychiatrists are medical doctors who especially focus on mental health issues. They analyze symptoms and provide diagnostic care to patients. They can also prescribe medications. In addition to a Ph.D., this field also requires a residency as well license from the American Board of Psychology to become a psychiatrist.


Neuroscientists are those who conduct research on the human brain, spinal cord, and nerve cells. They specialize in a specific area. Some of them work in the healthcare system to cure neurological diseases and conduct research. Others work as a researcher in a laboratory or as a lecturer of neuroscience subjects.

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Natural science managers

They determine the goals and strategies that developers and researchers follow. They determine the funding and equipment needed to complete the project along with making hiring decisions. They monitor all the laboratory work to ensure that work is being done properly. A fresh Ph.D. graduate can easily get this position.

Marketing or advertising consultant

Neuroscientists can be hired by marketing and advertising companies to help them on what’s happening in the brain when customers purchase products. They can develop strategies that can ping the consumer’s brain to take action on the desired advertisement.


A neuroscience PhD graduate can serve as a dean within a medical school or university. A dean hires the faculty, sets academic policies, and controls the budget of the institution. They are qualified enough to lead in a medical or scientific setting.

highest paying careers in Neuroscience with salaries

Challenges and considerations

There are always some challenges for students in every field. While pursuing your PhD in neuroscience, you may face some fundamental challenges that need to be overcome. After knowing about them, you can easily decide whether a Ph.D. in neuroscience is worth it or not.

Academic challenges:

A PhD in neuroscience is a challenging academic program. You will have to learn a lot of material and conduct independent research. The academic environment is very competitive, and it’s important to be prepared to work hard.

Financial challenges:

A Ph.D. in neuroscience can be expensive, as you’ll need to pay for tuition, living expenses, and research costs. There are a variety of financial aid options available, but you’ll need to do your research to find the best options for you.

Personal challenges:

A PhD in neuroscience can be a challenging personal experience. You’ll be under a lot of pressure to succeed, and you may experience stress, anxiety, and burnout. It’s important to take care of your physical and mental health throughout your PhD program.

Long-term commitment:

A Ph.D. in neuroscience typically takes 5-7 years to complete. This is a long time commitment, and it’s important to make sure that you’re prepared for the workload.

Language barrier:

If you don’t speak English fluently, you may face language challenges in your PhD program. It’s important to start learning English as early as possible. You also need to have an English proficiency certificate to get PhD admission.

Cultural difference:

There are a lot of differences between the cultures of different countries. As an example, the culture of the  United States is different from other countries. You may face cultural challenges as you adjust to life in any other country.

Constant hard work and determination:

A Ph.D. in neuroscience demands a significant amount of time, effort, and constant focus. Students face an intense workload comprising research, lab work, and academic responsibilities.

Competitive Environment:

The academic landscape in neuroscience is highly competitive, with limited positions and funding, necessitating persistence to secure coveted opportunities.

“A PhD in neuroscience is a challenging but rewarding experience. It will teach you how to think critically, solve problems, and communicate effectively.”

– David Eagleman, American neuroscientist 

It’s important to be aware of the challenges of a Ph.D. in neuroscience before you make a decision to pursue this degree. However, if you’re a brain lover and are willing to work hard, a Ph.D. in neuroscience is worth it for you.

Future of Neuroscience

Neuroscience is a rapidly growing field and it has a bright future. Its demand will increase more in the near future. However, the job market for a Ph.D. in neuroscience is competitive, but there are a lot of opportunities in academia, industry, and government. The neuroscience job market is likely to grow by 17% in the coming years.

In the future, it will help to make advancements in artificial intelligence and will development of treatments for neurological disorders. It will unlock new ways for a better understanding of the human brain and its complexities. This multidisciplinary field will offer collaborations between neuroscience, computer science, and engineering, leading to progress in brain-related health and technology.

 For those who want to make significant contributions to neuroscience by exploring the mysteries of the brain, pursuing a Ph.D. in neuroscience is worth it for them. 

“Neuroscience over the next 50 years is going to introduce things that are mind-blowing”

(David Eagleman, American neuroscientist and author).

Visit the website of the McGovern Institute to know what researchers have predicted about the future of neuroscience.


To conclude, pursuing a Ph.D. in neuroscience has many advantages along with some challenges. Now if this question pops up in your mind “Is a Ph.D. in neuroscience worth it?”, you are equipped with all the information needed to make the right decision. The road might have some rocky patches, but if you are truly passionate then it is worth it.

This journey demands strong support, determination, and hard work throughout your career. Don’t forget to laugh along the way because humor is the best neuron nurturer! And who knows, maybe one day you will make a discovery that will change the world. Even if you don’t, you will still be able to save the lives of others and you will be proud of yourself.


Why pursue a PhD in neuroscience?

A Ph.D. in neuroscience offers a wide range of benefits to those who are already studying in this field. It helps you to focus on your postgraduate study, operate within leading research departments, work with cutting-edge technology, and pursue specialist neuroscience jobs upon completion of your degree.

Is neuroscience in high demand?

Yes, neuroscience is in high demand. The brain is the most complex organ and we are still learning so much about it. There is a growing demand for neuroscientists to conduct research, develop new treatments, and teach the next generation of neuroscientists. The demand for neuroscientists is expected to grow by 13% from 2020 to 2030, much faster than the average for all occupations.

Is it hard to get a PhD in neuroscience?

Yes, it is hard to get a PhD in neuroscience. It is a challenging and competitive program, and it requires a lot of hard work and dedication. However, if you are passionate about the brain, then a Ph.D. in neuroscience is the perfect way to pursue your interests.

What is the highest salary for a neuroscientist?

The salaries of neuroscientists vary depending on location, experience, and education. However, their salaries typically range between $43,000 to $133,000 per year. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for neuroscientists in the United States is $100,000.The average hourly rate for neuroscientists is  $36.67 per hour.